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Rear-end collisions 101

Find out important facts about rear-end collisions. Discover what you should know if you have one, and the laws that could affect liability in this type of accident.

A rear-end collision is often something a driver never sees coming. It is incredibly jarring and can be very serious in many cases. Not only does this type of accident cause various injuries but also it leads to extensive vehicle damage. Understanding this type of accident can help drivers to avoid them or to know how to handle the aftermath of one.

Are rear-end accidents a concern?

The Fairfield Daily Voice noted legislatures in Connecticut have increased the fines and penalties for actions that often lead to rear-end collisions because they are so common. In fact, the estimate is that about 36% of all accidents on Connecticut roads in 2017 were a result of someone not allowing enough distance between their vehicle and the vehicle ahead of them. When a motorist does have such an accident, there is a one in four chance of injuries.

What are the common causes of these accidents?

According to Pulse Projects, this type of collision usually occurs due to the non-attention of a driver or his or her lack of ability to react in time to stop the impact. This may be due to distracted driving, speeding, driving recklessly or following too closely.

The Connecticut General Assembly states the law specifically requires drivers to keep an adequate distance between their vehicles and other vehicles on the road. When following, a driver must allow sufficient stopping space for the traffic and road conditions. It prohibits the practice of tailgating or following too closely.

What injuries often result from this type of crash?

Onyx Imaging explains that the most common injuries happen to the neck, head and back. The jarring effect of the crash will send the body backward, forward and backward, leading to multiple impacts and movement of the body that can put strain on these areas. One of the top injuries is whiplash where the neck suffers from a sprain due to the head snapping forward and back.

What auto damage is most common in a rear-end accident?

While a rear-end crash may not look as severe as other types, it can lead to serious auto damage due to the impact alone. Carwise explains electrical issues are not uncommon because the collision can loosen wires. It also is common for there to be serious trunk damage and issues with the alignment of the vehicle. Such a crash can result in a bent frame, which leads to various other issues, including the reduction in the overall structural integrity of the vehicle.

Are there tips for avoiding this type of collision?

Automotive Fleet explains that the best way for drivers to avoid such a crash is to ensure they let other vehicles know what they are doing in plenty of time for them to stop. This means using turning signals far ahead of a turn and using brake lights to signal a full stop may be ahead. In addition, if a driver feels another vehicle is following too closely, then he or she should allow that vehicle to pass by changing lanes.

Should a driver contact an attorney?

Anyone who is in a car accident should meet with an attorney, such as the Law Offices of James L. O'Rourke, to go over his or her options. Having legal representation can help a driver to avoid issues and handle the insurance companies in the aftermath of a crash.